AAA…Not A Good Thing To Have…!!!

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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 

(not good…!!!) 

The last couple of weeks have been something of a blur. This usually happens after my night shifts.

Did another tour of duty on the Foxtrot-Oscar Paramedic/Police unit which lo and behold involved lots of lovely assaults and drink related injuries. Nice! But it still works well when we we can treat on scene and point the customer in the direction of A/E if its only a minor injury.

I seem to be getting to know all the regular places and can pin-point the likely time and location of our first job in a “Crocodile Dundee” sort of way. 

The vast majority of jobs on the truck have been pretty run of the mill stuff. I say run of the mill as I can run a “chest pains” call with my eyes shut I think. (I wont just in case I treat the wrong patient!) Others have included TIAs (Transient Ischaemic Attacks…basically mini strokes), CVAs (Cerebro Vascular Accidents…basically proper full blown strokes) SOBs (basically Shortness of Breath…due to asthma, bronchitis etc) and PITAs (basically “Pain In The Arse” jobs…life is too short to explain in depth)

But every now and then a job pops up on the old “earn your money” radar. And last week the radar spotted us under our cloak of stealth and invisibility.

We were called on three 9s to attend a gent in his mid sixties with abdo pain. So off we went on “blues & twos” to the address expecting to find someone with “tummy ache” or “Deli belly” or a “bit off” or with an attack of the “squits”.

We pulled up outside the address having made good time and took the resus bag inside (no matter what job I go to I always take the bag as you never know and I have been caught out before as I,m sure many others have in the service).

Inside we found our patient who appeared well on first sight. The first thing he, and his wife said was “You,ve just missed the doctor…he left not more than a minute or so ago.”

Having not been told by “Puzzle Palace” (Command & Control) that a GP was on scene we asked the next relevant question…”Has the GP left a letter (usually a scribbled note to the receiving hospital about the patients presenting complaint, medical history and any observations with a provisional diagnosis) These letters help us to speed things up as it gives us good information (sometimes) and a set of baseline obs (occasionally) to be going on with.  

“No…he did,nt leave a letter.”

“Okay…did he tell you what might be wrong with you?”

“No…he just made a phone call and said that I should go to hospital.”

“Okay…did the doctor examine you?”

“Erm…kind of…he just pushed on my belly and that was it.”

Great…another job where the GP has dialled 999 because he thinks this chap should be in hospital and then he,s gone and buggered off! Thanks!

So we have to start from the beginning…presenting complaint=2-3 day history of abdo pain, gradual onset although today the pain has intensified. He has vomited once today and has not eaten for two whole days. We know the chaps GCS is 15/15 obviously cos hes talking to us and breathing at the same time…marvellous thing is nature.

Checking his obs we find he has a pulse of around 110 with a Blood Pressure of approx 120/68. He looks pale and feels “dizzy” when he stands. His 02 saturation levels are 78% on air and 84% on oxygen. I have a quick look at the chaps abdomen looking for anything obvious…seems okay. I then have a feel around his abdo to see where the pain is concentrated or where it radiates to….just beneath his naval around the umbilicus area (obviously) I place my hands and find….”boom boom boom boom boom boom boom”.

“Ahhhh….(bugger)”.

I feel his heart beat, his pulse, his life blood pumping away like a steam train. I found it strange that I could not see any pulsating mass using the “number 1 mark 1 eyeball”.

The chap was in some degree of pain, although it was bearable. I knew we had to sort him on the truck and foxtrot-oscar to the hospital sharpish. Within a couple of minutes he was on the stretcher, on oxygen, being monitored and an alert call was put in for resus to stand by. A line was put in en-route as a KVO. (Keep Vein Open)

All this took less than ten minutes whilst at the same time putting the chaps mind at rest. If one of these things burst outside of hospital (or specifically an operating theatre) the mortality rate is in the high 90s!

He was in the operating theatre within 30 minutes of our arrival at resus…………………………………

———————————————–

What are the symptoms?

Many people do not feel any symptoms with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Occasionally, patients can experience:

  • A pulsing feeling in the abdomen, similar to a heartbeat.
  • Severe, sudden pain in your abdomen or lower back. If this is the case, your aneurysm may be about to rupture.

If your aneurysm ruptures, you may suddenly feel intense weakness, dizziness, or back pain, and you may lose consciousness. This is a life- threatening situation and you should seek medical attention immediately.

What causes an abdominal aortic aneurysm?

The etiology of an aneurysm is probably multi-factorial. The leading thought is that the aneurysm may be caused by inflammation in the aorta, which may cause its wall to break down. Some researches believe that this inflammation can be associated with atherosclerosis (also called hardening of the arteries) and risk factors that contribute to atherosclerosis, such as high blood pressure (hypertension).

———————————————–

I saw him a few days ago on the recovery ward. He had suffered an 11 cm AAA. In terms of AAAs this was a massive one and he was lucky to survive it. (The survival rate in surgery is around 50%!) 

It was a good feeling to see him looking well and he told me that he did,nt realise how poorly he was until the surgeon told him his chances of survival.

He was happy…and so was I. It makes up for all the crap jobs we get….a bit!

11 Responses to AAA…Not A Good Thing To Have…!!!

  1. And there were all were thinking a triple A was the battery you never have any ‘spares’ of (along with smoke detector batteries but you can usually find one of those in the kids toys)

    Two questions, why is a CVA an ‘accident’? The word accident makes its sounds like it should have been , well an accident, a blow to the head?

    If a DR judges a call to be ‘life threatening’ how can they waltz off leaving the patient unattended?

    (did I tell you they were very naive questions?)

  2. Kingmagic says:

    CVA is an old fashioned term for a cerebral bleed or clot. It implies that it has happened without a logical reason. (within the context of medical knowledge at the time).

    It used to be called “Apoplexy” (which some GPs still use.

    Waltzing off is the right of certain GPs…a law unto themselves.

  3. FatLazyMaleNurse says:

    You say the GP made a phone call, probably to the surgeons to let them know he was sending the patient in. You then say he pushed on the patient’s belly – presumably to assess his abdomen – revealing the aneurysm you later ‘discovered’. Whilst I agree that the GP should have stayed with the patient and written a note. I find your post redolent of self-aggrandisement.

  4. Kingmagic says:

    FatLazyMaleNurse….phone call was to ambulance control. At resus I asked if they were expecting this chap….answer no, same for the surgeons.

    “Self-aggrandisement”….you dont know me very well. If it came across like that then maybe its due to the fact that I write my posts without draughting things.

    You are entitled to your opinion….thanks for commenting.

  5. Emma says:

    I know it’s the GP’s perogative to walk away but wouldn’t he have been better served staying until you arrived to hand over the patient, fore warned is fore armed and all that….

    On another note do you think it’s funny to drive up behind someone really fast and just as you get to their bumper turn on your blues and twos and frighten people half to death, thankfully I have been on a defensive driving course so can take evasive action very quickly….lol….that happened to me this morning on the way to work, I like to think normally I am pretty switched on to my surroundings too….xx

  6. Kingmagic says:

    Second go at this….lost my connection.

    No its not funny to use blues & twos in the way you describe. I know of a couple of peeps in our job who drive without consideration for others but thats how they drive normally!

    In the norm we all try and read the road ahead and consider all the eventualities so you would have been safe. (Although a change of under wear might have been needed!)

    Have you tried the Yorkshire Puddings at the Altisidora at Bishop Burton or the Full Moon at Skidby? (Been there whilst visiting your area once)

  7. Detail Medic says:

    Holy tripple As Batman! Good job PP! I was ready for you to tell us that he didn’t make it. I once saw a pt with one in the ER. They called his family in to say goodbye just in case he didn’t make it through surgery – and they weren’t expecting him to make it. So sad…

  8. martyn says:

    Just out of interest we (a BRC volunteer crew doing cover work for the local ambulance trust) took a Dr’s urgent case in the other day, no pulsating mass but all the other symptoms as above plus pain radiating into r groin BP high enough to blow her hat off. Needless to say we moved VERY quickly

  9. Emmbee says:

    Well spotted. It’s sort of “Oh Oh” isn’t it. As for the GP, yes he probably didn’t need to stay but isn’t it about continuity of care? He could have stayed and handed over to you thus saving you from repeating all the obs he had (hopefully) already done.

  10. carol says:

    great work by crew in ambulance had this experience 5 weeks ago with my husband and his burst on route to 2nd hospital 30 miles away they saved his life along with emergency doctors not out the woods blood clot in lung and picked up a virus in hospital i thank them all

  11. kingmagic says:

    Carol…wishing your husband a speedy recovery.

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